When storing data redundantly and using mirrored or RAID-5 volumes, VxVM ensures that all copies of the data match exactly. However, under certain conditions (usually due to complete system failures), some redundant data on a volume can become inconsistent or unsynchronized. The mirrored data is not exactly the same as the original data. Except for normal configuration changes (such as detaching and reattaching a plex), this can only occur when a system crashes while data is being written to a volume.
Data is written to the mirrors of a volume in parallel, as is the data and parity in a RAID-5 volume. If a system crash occurs before all the individual writes complete, it is possible for some writes to complete while others do not. This can result in the data becoming unsynchronized. For mirrored volumes, it can cause two reads from the same region of the volume to return different results, if different mirrors are used to satisfy the read request. In the case of RAID-5 volumes, it can lead to parity corruption and incorrect data reconstruction.
VxVM ensures that all mirrors contain exactly the same data and that the data and parity in RAID-5 volumes agree. This process is called volume resynchronization. For volumes that are part of the disk group that is automatically imported at boot time (usually aliased as the reserved system-wide disk group, bootdg), resynchronization takes place when the system reboots.
Not all volumes require resynchronization after a system failure. Volumes that were never written or that were quiescent (that is, had no active I/O) when the system failure occurred could not have had outstanding writes and do not require resynchronization.